Susan Hayward - Actors and Actresses





Nationality: American. Born: Edythe Marrener in Brooklyn, New York, 30 June 1919. Education: Attended Girls' Commercial High School, Brooklyn. Family: Married the actor Jess Barker, 1944 (divorced 1954), twin sons Timothy and Gregory. Career: 1937—photographer's model in New York; option from David Selznick led to film debut, then a short Warner Brothers contract; 1939—contract with Paramount, and films by Paramount and other studios during the next few years; 1945—signed with independent producer Walter Wanger; 1949—contract with 20th Century-Fox; 1959—formed own production company, Carrollton, Inc.; 1969—stage role in Mame ; 1970s—worked in TV. Awards: Best Actress, Cannes Film Festival, for I'll Cry Tomorrow , 1955; Best Actress, Academy Award and Best Actress, New York Film Critics, for I Want to Live , 1958. Died: Of a brain tumor, 14 March 1975.

Films as Actress:

1937

Hollywood Hotel (Berkeley) (as starlet at table)

1938

The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse (Litvak); The Sisters (Litvak) (as telephone operator); Comet over Broadway (Berkeley) (as amateur actor); Campus Cinderella (Smith) (as coed); Girls on Probation (McGann) (as Gloria Adams)

1939

Beau Geste (Wellman) (as Isobel Rivers); Our Leading Citizen (Santell) (as Judith Schofield); One Thousand Dollars a Touchdown (Hogan) (as Betty McGlen)

1941

Among the Living (Heisler) (as Millie Pickens); Sis Hopkins (Santley) (as Carol Hopkins); Adam Had Four Sons (Ratoff) (as Hester Stoddard)

1942

Reap the Wild Wind (C. B. DeMille) (as Drusilla Alston); The Forest Rangers (Marshall) (as Tana Mason); I Married a Witch (Clair) (as Estelle Masterson); A Letter from Bataan (Pine—short); Star Spangled Rhythm (Marshall) (as Genevieve)

1943

Hit Parade of 1943 (Rogell) (as Jill Wright); Young and Willing (E. Griffith) (as Kate Benson); Jack London (Santell) (as Charmain Kittredge)

1944

Skirmish on the Home Front (short); And Now Tomorrow (Pichel) (as Janice Blair); The Fighting Seabees (Ludwig) (as Constance Chesley); The Hairy Ape (Santell) (as Mildred Douglas)

1946

Deadline at Dawn (Clurman) (as June Goff); Canyon Passage (Tourneur) (as Lucy Overmire)

1947

Smash-Up: The Story of a Woman (Heisler) (as Angie Evans); They Won't Believe Me (Pichel) (as Verna Carlson); The Lost Moment (Gabel) (as Tina Bordereau)

1948

Tap Roots (Marshall) (as Morna Dabney); The Saxon Charm (Binyon) (as Janet Busch)

1949

Tulsa (Heisler) (as Cherokee Lansing); House of Strangers (Mankiewicz) (as Irene Bennett); My Foolish Heart (Robson) (as Eloise Winters)

1951

I'd Climb the Highest Mountain (King) (as Mary Elizabeth Eden Thompson); Rawhide (Hathaway) (as Vinnie Holt); David and Bathsheba (King) (as Bathsheba); I Can Get It for You Wholesale (Gordon) (as Harriet Boyd)

1952

With a Song in My Heart (Lang) (as Jane Froman); The Snows of Kilimanjaro (King) (as Helen); The Lusty Men (Ray) (as Louise Merritt)

1953

The President's Lady (Levin) (as Rachel Donalson Robards); White Witch Doctor (Hathaway) (as Ellen Burton)

1954

Demetrius and the Gladiators (Daves) (as Messalina); Garden of Evil (Hathaway) (as Leah Fuller)

1955

Untamed (King) (as Katie O'Neill); Soldier of Fortune (Dmytryk) (as Jane Hoyt); I'll Cry Tomorrow (Mann) (as Lillian Roth)

1956

The Conqueror (Powell) (as Borta)

1957

Top Secret Affair (Potter) (as Dottie Peale)

1958

I Want to Live (Wise) (as Barbara Graham)

1959

Woman Obsessed (Hathaway) (as Mary Sharron); Thunder in the Sun (Rouse) (as Gabrielle Dauphin)

Susan Hayward (third from right) in The Hairy Ape
Susan Hayward (third from right) in The Hairy Ape

1960

The Marriage-Go-Round (W. Lang) (as Content Delville)

1961

Ada (Mann) (title role); Back Street (Miller) (as Rae Smith)

1962

I Thank a Fool (Stevens) (as Christine Allison)

1963

Stolen Hours (Petrie) (as Laura Dember)

1964

Where Love Has Gone (Dmytryk) (as Valerie Hayden)

1967

The Honey Pot (Mankiewicz) (as Mrs. "Lone Star" Crockett Sheridan); Think Twentieth (Fleischer—short); Valley of the Dolls (Robson) (as Helen Lawson)

1972

Heat of Anger (D. Taylor—for TV) (as Jessie Fitzgerald); The Revengers (Daniel Mann) (as Elizabeth Reilly); Say Goodbye, Maggie Cole (J. Taylor—for TV) (title role)



Publications


On HAYWARD: books—

Anderson, Christopher, A Star, Is a Star, Is a Star! The Lives and Loves of Susan Hayward , New York, 1980.

Parish, James, and Don Stanke, The Forties Gals , Westport, Connecticut, 1980.

Linet, Beverly, Susan Hayward: Portrait of a Survivor , New York, 1980.

Moreno, Eduardo, The Films of Susan Hayward , Secaucus, New Jersey, 1981.

La Guardia, Robert, and Gene Arceri, Red: The Tempestuous Life of Susan Hayward , New York, 1985.

On HAYWARD: articles—

McClelland, D., "Susan Hayward," in Films in Review (New York), May 1962.

McClelland, D., "The Brooklyn Bernhardt," in Films and Filming (London), March 1965.

Obituary, in Cinéma (Paris), May 1975.

Obituary, in Ecran (Paris), May 1975.

Stars (Mariembourg), September 1992.

Hayward, S., "Racial Discourse in UK Politics and Media," in Jump Cut (Berkeley), May 1997.

McClelland, D., "Cagney and Hayward: the Greatest Team That Never Was," in Classic Images (Muscatine), May 1997.


* * *


Susan Hayward's career was in certain respects quite curious. Few stars of her stature have appeared in so few interesting films or worked so seldom with distinguished directors ( Canyon Passage , The Lusty Men . . . except from the viewpoint of Hayward's intrinsic interest there is really not much else to salvage). Considering the conditions within which female stars functioned in the classical period, the personality itself presents difficulties: abrasive, aggressive, intractable, it is not surprising that she took so long to become established, for years playing "other woman" roles ( Forest Rangers , I Married a Witch ) or being relegated to insipid or underdeveloped minor characters ( Reap the Wild Wind ); nor is it surprising that her major star roles tended to the solo tour de force rather than to the romantic love story ( I'll Cry Tomorrow , I Want to Live ).

Untamed is perhaps the ideal Hayward title: her personality at all points resists the "taming" represented by the traditional Hollywood happy ending, the subordination of female desire to male desire, the woman's surrender of her autonomy. Her two finest films make interesting and contrasted use of her intractability. The "happy ending" of Canyon Passage (one of the most underestimated of all Westerns) teams her with a "wanderer hero" (Dana Andrews) who equally refuses the confines of domesticity. Nicholas Ray's use of her in The Lusty Men is, on the contrary, fascinating in its perversity: her aggressiveness is allowed its full expression (including rage and physical violence) but exclusively in the interests of home and settling.

It is again not surprising that the "taming" of Hayward took, in her most celebrated roles, extreme and drastic forms. The punishments that characterize her career begin early: already in The Forest Rangers the "happy ending" (the union of Fred MacMurray and Paulette Goddard at Hayward's expense) requires that she be brutally assaulted with a fire hose. Most striking is the recurrent burden of alchoholism imposed on the Hayward characters ( Smash Up , My Foolish Heart , I'll Cry Tomorrow ); but she is also crippled in With a Song in My Heart and (most extremely) executed in the electric chair in I Want to Live.

—Robin Wood

User Contributions:

1
Terri
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Aug 30, 2007 @ 6:18 pm
The last line, commenting on Ms. Hayward's death in "I Want to Live"....she was placed in a gas chamber...not an electric chair. Happens to be one of my favorite movies....a line has the executioner explaining to her "When the pellets drop, count back from 10, it's easier that way..." Ms. Hayward's response, "How would YOU know?"
2
Gloria Druss
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Nov 29, 2009 @ 10:10 am
I would suggest to you that Susan Hayward WANTED to play the roles of strong-willed, independent women, as opposed to the soppy romantic stories so prominent in the '40s and '50s. As to the directors she played under, do you not consider Robert Wise, Harold Clurman, Henry Hathaway, Daniel Mann, Joseph Mankiewicz, Gregory Ratoff and Nick Ray, as some examples of good ones?

Do I wish Susan had done some movies she turned down ("The Graduate"), and not done some she chose? ("The Conqueror," and not just because it stank but it also may have eventually killed her.) You bet. But on the whole, she had a remarkable career and, as far as I'm concerned, was way ahead of her time in the strong, independent women she played. She deserves our respect and admiration for staying with her convictions against what we know were often harsh reactions from her male-dominated industry.
3
Art
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Aug 19, 2010 @ 5:17 pm
Good thing it was the gas chamber her character in "I Want to Live!" was executed in, and not the electric chair. Otherwise they might have called the movie "I'll Fry Tomorrow."
4
Robin Jordan-Henry
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Aug 19, 2012 @ 10:22 pm
Susan Hayward's correct birth year is 1917. Under the money driven male dominated studio system often Susan Hayward was relegated to lesser roles because of loan out deals betwen studios, as a punishment for her intractable personality (although she was very shy), her desire to not socialize with the Hollywood establishment and last but not least her unwillingness to give into the sex games of the day. Even in her less than quality pictures her crative work is usually on point. Early in her career she read Stanislavsky's "My Life in Art" given to her by Gregory Rattoff. When you carfully watch her performances you see her employ his techniques. The Actor's Studio is a outgrowth of Stanislavsky's theories. It also should be noted that she had a IQ just under 170.

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