James Stewart - Actors and Actresses





Nationality: American. Born: James Maitland Stewart in Indiana, Pennsylvania, 20 May 1908. Education: Attended Model School; Mercersburg Academy; Princeton University, New Jersey, B.S. in architecture 1932. Military Service: U.S. Air Force, 1942–45: colonel (remained in the reserves: brigadier general, 1959). Family: Married Gloria Hatrick McLean, 1949 (died 1994), twins: Kelly and Judy. Career: 1932—joined Joshua Logan's University Players in West Falmouth, Massachusetts: Broadway debut in the company's production of Carrie Nation ; 1935—in short Important News , then in feature Murder Man ; contract with MGM; 1947—on Broadway in Harvey (reprised in film version, 1951, and on stage later in his

James Stewart (on horse) in How the West Was Won
James Stewart (on horse) in How the West Was Won
career); 1971–72—actor in TV series The Jimmy Stewart Show , and in series Hawkins , 1973–74; 1986—in TV mini-series North and South II ; The James Stewart Museum was opened in Indiana, Pennsylvania, in 1995. Awards: Best Actor, New York Film Critics, for Mr. Smith Goes to Washington , 1939; Best Actor Academy Award, for The Philadelphia Story , 1940; Best Actor, New York Film Critics, and Best Actor, Venice Festival, for Anatomy of a Murder , 1959; Best Actor, Berlin Festival, for Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation , 1962; Life Achievement Award, American Film Institute, 1980; Special Academy Award, for "his 50 years of meaningful performances, for his high ideals, both on and off the screen, with the respect and affection of his colleagues," 1984. Died: 2 July 1997, in Beverly Hills, California, of pulmonic blood clot)


Films as Actor:

1934

This Side of Heaven (William K. Howard) (as Hal); Art Trouble (short)

1935

Important News (Lawrence—short); Murder Man (Whelan) (as Shorty)

1936

Rose Marie (Van Dyke) (as John Flower); Next Time We Love (Edward H. Griffith) (as Christopher); Wife versus Secretary (Brown) (as Dave); Small Town Girl (Wellman) (as Elmer); Speed (Marin) (as Terry Martin); The Gorgeous Hussy (Brown) (as "Rowdy" Roderick Dow); Born to Dance (Del Ruth) (as Ted Barker); After the Thin Man (Van Dyke) (as David Graham)

1937

Seventh Heaven (Henry King) (as Chico); The Last Gangster (Wellman) (as Paul North Sr.); Navy Blue and Gold (Wood) (as "Truck" Cross)

1938

Of Human Hearts (Brown) (as Jason Wilkins); Vivacious Lady (Stevens) (as Peter Morgan); The Shopworn Angel (Potter) (as Bill Pettigrew); You Can't Take It with You (Capra) (as Tony Kirby)

1939

Made for Each Other (Cromwell) (as Johnny Mason); Ice Follies of 1939 (Schunzel) (as Larry Hall); It's a Wonderful World (Van Dyke) (as Guy Johnson); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (Capra) (title role); Destry Rides Again (George Marshall) (as Tom Destry)

1940

The Shop around the Corner (Lubitsch) (as Alfred Kralik); The Mortal Storm (Borzage) (as Martin Brietner); No Time for Comedy (Keighley) (as Gaylord Easterbrook); The Philadelphia Story (Cukor) (as Mike Connor)

1941

Come Live with Me (Brown) (as Bill Smith); Pot o' Gold (George Marshall) (as Jimmy Kaskell); Ziegfeld Girl (Leonard) (as Gilbert Young)

1942

Fellow Americans (short); Winning Your Wings (short)

1946

It's a Wonderful Life (Capra) (as George Bailey)

1947

Magic Town (Wellman) (as Lawrence "Rip" Smith)

1948

Call Northside 777 (Hathaway) (as McNeal); 10,000 Kids and a Cop (doc); On Our Merry Way ( A Miracle Can Happen ) (King Vidor and Fenton) (as Slim); Rope (Hitchcock) (as Rupert Cadell); You Gotta Stay Happy (Potter) (as Marvin Payne)

1949

The Stratton Story (Wood) (as Monty Stratton); Malaya (Thorpe) (as John Royer)

1950

Winchester '73 (Anthony Mann) (as Lin McAdam); Broken Arrow (Daves) (as Tom Jeffords); Jackpot ( How Much Do You Owe? ) (Walter Lang) (as Bill Lawrence)

1951

Harvey (Koster) (as Elwood Dowd); No Highway in the Sky ( No Highway ) (Koster) (as Theodore Honey)

1952

The Greatest Show on Earth (Cecil B. DeMille) (as Buttons); Bend of the River (Anthony Mann) (as Glyn McLyntock); Carbine Williams (Thorpe) (as Marsh Williams)

1953

The Naked Spur (Anthony Mann) (as Howard Kemp); Thunder Bay (Anthony Mann) (as Steve Martin)

1954

The Glenn Miller Story (Anthony Mann) (title role); Rear Window (Hitchcock) (as L. B. Jeffries)

1955

The Far Country (Anthony Mann) (as Jeff Webster); Strategic Air Command (Anthony Mann) (as Lt. Colonel Robert "Dutch" Holland); The Man from Laramie (Anthony Mann) (as Will Lockhart)

1956

The Man Who Knew Too Much (Hitchcock) (as Ben McKenna)

1957

The Spirit of St. Louis (Wilder) (as Charles Lindbergh); Night Passage (Neilson) (as Grant McLaine)

1958

Vertigo (Hitchcock) (as John "Scottie" Ferguson); Bell, Book and Candle (Quine) (as Shepherd Henderson)

1959

Anatomy of a Murder (Preminger) (as Paul Biegler); The FBI Story (LeRoy) (as Chip Hardesty)

1960

The Mountain Road (Daniel Mann) (as Major Baldwin)

1961

Two Rode Together (Ford) (as Guthrie McCabe); X-15 (Richard Donner) (as narrator)

1962

The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (Ford) (as Ranson Stoddard); Mr. Hobbs Takes a Vacation (Koster) (title role); Flashing Spikes (Ford—for TV) (as Slim Conway)

1963

"The Rivers" ep. of How the West Was Won (Hathaway) (as Linus Rawlings); Take Her, She's Mine (Koster) (as Frank Michaelson)

1964

Cheyenne Autumn (Ford) (as Wyatt Earp)

1965

Dear Brigitte (Koster) (as Professor Robert Leaf); Shenandoah (McLaglen) (as Charlie); The Flight of the Phoenix (Aldrich) (as Frank Towns)

1966

The Rare Breed (McLaglen) (as Sam Burnett)

1968

Firecreek (McEveety) (as Johnny Cobb); Bandolero! (McLaglen) (as Mace Bishop)

1970

The Cheyenne Social Club (Kelly) (as John O'Hanlan)

1971

Fools' Parade (McLaglen) (as Mattie Appleyard); Directed by John Ford (Bogdanovich—doc) (as himself); The American West of John Ford (doc—for TV)

1972

Harvey (Cook—for TV) (as Elwood P. Dowd)

1973

Hawkins on Murder (Taylor—for TV) (as Billy Jim Hawkins)

1974

That's Entertainment! (Haley—compilation) (as narrator)

1976

The Shootist (Siegel) (as Dr. Hostetler)

1977

Airport '77 (Jameson) (as Philip Stevens)

1978

The Magic of Lassie (Chaffey) (as Clovis Mitchell); The Big Sleep (Winner) (as General Sternwood)

1980

Mr. Krueger's Christmas (Merrill)

1981

Afurika Monogatari ( A Tale of Africa ) (Hani) (as old man)

1983

Right of Way (Schaefer—for TV)

1991

An American Tail 2: Fievel Goes West (Nibbelink and Wells—animation) (as voice of Wylie Burp)

1994

A Century of Cinema (Thomas) (as himself)

1996

Marlene Dietrich: Shadow and Light (Hurt—for TV) (as himself)



Publications


By STEWART: book—


Jimmy Stewart and His Poems , New York, 1989.


By STEWART: articles—

"That's Enough for Me," interview in Films and Filming (London), April 1966.

Interview with N. P. Hurlez, in Cahiers du Cinéma (Paris), April 1984.

Interview with R. Comiskey, in Cinema Papers (Melbourne), January 1986.

Interview with David Denicolo, in Interview (New York), April 1990.

Interview with R. Neilsen, in Classic Images (Muscatine), August 1992.


On STEWART: books—

Jones, Ken D., The Films of James Stewart , New York, 1970.

Thompson, Howard, James Stewart , New York, 1974.

Parish, James, and Don Stanke, The All-American , New Rochelle, New York, 1977.

Eyles, Allen, James Stewart , New York, 1984.

Hunter, Allan, James Stewart , New York, 1985.

Robbins, Jhan, Everybody's Man: A Biography of Jimmy Stewart , New York, 1985.

Le Hanaff, Ronan, James Stewart , Paris, 1986.

Thomas, Tony, A Wonderful Life: The Films and Career of James Stewart , Secaucus, New Jersey, 1988.

Headine, Doug, James Stewart , Paris, 1991.

Molyneaux, Gerard, James Stewart: A Bio-Bibliography , Westport, Connecticut, 1992.

Pickard, Roy, Jimmy Stewart: A Life in Film , New York, 1993.

Bingham, Dennis, Acting Male: Masculinities in the Films of James Stewart, Jack Nicholson, and Clint Eastwood , New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1994.

Coe, Jonathan, Jimmy Stewart, A Wonderful Life , New York, 1994.

Dewey, Donald , James Stewart: A Biography , 1996.

Sanello, Frank, Jimmy Stewart, A Wonderful Life, New York, 1997.

Fishgall, Gary, Pieces of Time: The Life of James Stewart , 1997.

Von Karajan, Ellen, Jimmy Stewart , New York, 1999.

On STEWART: articles—

Current Biography 1960 , New York, 1960.

Sweigart, William R., "James Stewart," in Films in Review (New York), December 1964.

Hall, D. J., "Box Office Drawl," and "Portrait of Human Frailty," in Films and Filming (London), December 1972, and January/February 1973.

Beaver, Jim, "James Stewart," in Films in Review (New York), October 1980.

Sarris, Andrew, "James Stewart," in The Movie Star , edited by Elisabeth Weis, New York, 1981.

Cieutat, Michel, "James Stewart ou le bienfondé de l'Amérique," in Positif (Paris), October 1984.

Wolfe, C., "The Return of Jimmy Stewart: The Publicity Photograph as Text," in Wide Angle (Baltimore, Maryland), vol. 6, no. 4, 1985.

Larvor, M., "Capra et James Stewart: le mariage de l'Europe et du rêve américain," in Positif (Paris), July/August 1987.

Baxter, Brian, "James Stewart: A Wonderful Life," in Films and Filming (London), June 1988.

Denby, David, "Everybody's All-American," in Premiere (New York), February 1990.

Horton, Robert, "Mann & Stewart: Two Rode Together," in Film Comment (New York), March/April 1990.

Hendrickson, Paul, "It's Been a Wonderful Life," in Life (New York), July 1991.

Stewart, J.B., "Endgame," in New Yorker , 25 November 1996.

Alter, J., "It's a Wonderful Legacy," obituary in Newsweek , 14 July 1997.

Ansen, D. "The All-American Hero," obituary in Newsweek , 14 July 1997.

Rubin, J., "Memories of Jimmy Stewart," in Classic Images (Muscatine), August 1997.

Kock, I. de, "No More Mister Nice Guy," obituary in Film & TV (Stockholm), September 1997.

Stedman, R. "An Officer and Two Gentlemen," obituary in Audience (Simi Valley), August/September 1997.


* * *


James Stewart has come a long way since his boyhood days in Pennsylvania. Starting out as an amateur magician and accordionist, he made his acting debut in a Boy Scout play and later performed in shows for the Princeton Triangle Club. He was graduated from Princeton in 1932 with a degree in architecture, but eventually joined the University Players at Falmouth, Massachusetts. It was here he befriended future stars Henry Fonda and Margaret Sullavan. Years later Sullavan would prove to be instrumental to Stewart's career by insisting that he be given parts in her films. In the years since his motion picture debut, James Stewart has earned a place in the hearts of moviegoing audiences as one of Hollywood's best-loved actors. His laconic style and boyish manner seem the embodiment of an uncomplicated honesty that also marked the career of his longtime friend, Henry Fonda (Stewart and Fonda were roommates in New York while working in the theater and also when they first arrived in Hollywood in 1935). Both men came to exemplify a uniquely American style of acting that takes simplicity and directness as its foundation.

Stewart's early screen appearances often found him playing rapidly forgettable callow youths. It was director Frank Capra who first recognized his special blend of bashful humor and underlying strength, and put it to use in several films that cast Stewart as the personification of American idealism. Capra's populist comedies, including You Can't Take It with You , Mr. Smith Goes to Washington , and It's a Wonderful Life , conveyed the director's belief in the fundamental decency of the common man, and Stewart's skill at combining warmth, humor, and pathos in his performances made him the perfect Capra hero. George Cukor's The Philadelphia Story demonstrated his flair for sophisticated comedy alongside Katharine Hepburn and Cary Grant.

Stewart received critical acclaim for It's a Wonderful Life , perhaps the quintessential Capra film, in which he gives a moving performance as a man on the verge of suicide whose faith in humanity is restored by a visit from a guardian angel. This movie has since become a holiday staple—being broadcast on television numerous times during the Christmas season. Stewart's air of earnest innocence lent itself naturally to stories of whimsical appeal, as his portrayal of Elwood P. Dowd in Harvey confirmed. As the gentle alcoholic who believes himself befriended by an invisible six-foot white rabbit, Stewart displays an easy and engaging charm.

Stewart's work in a number of Westerns, including several with director Anthony Mann, drew on his image as a man of honor and with an unswerving sense of duty. Again, Stewart's deliberate manner and tall, lean form made him an effective presence in this uniquely American film genre. John Ford used Stewart's image to examine the truth behind the Western myth in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance , in which Stewart's character wins fame for an act that his friend, John Wayne, has performed.

Alfred Hitchcock also played on Stewart's familiar persona in four films that reveal a very different side to the actor's talents. In Rope he is cast as an intellectual gamesman whose musings on the "perfect crime" lead two young friends to commit a murder. Rear Window stars Stewart as a photographer ready to risk his fiancée's safety to satisfy his own voyeuristic curiosity, while in The Man Who Knew Too Much he is the desperate father of a kidnapped son. Vertigo , one of Hitchcock's finest films, features the actor as an emotionally tormented man obsessed with recreating the image of the woman he has lost. In all four films, there is an underlying edge to Stewart's characters, from his mildly paternalistic treatment of his wife in The Man Who Knew Too Much to his overtly disturbed behavior in Vertigo . The clash of these qualities with the image of Stewart we have come to expect makes his work for Hitchcock among his most challenging.

Stewart's long career was certainly one of Hollywood's most rewarding, and the actor's occasional interviews and television appearances only strengthed the warm regard in which he was held. With the continuing popularity of many of his best films, he remains a much-loved and much-admired figure in American cinema.

—Janet E. Lorenz, updated by Linda J. Stewart



User Contributions:

1
val pratt
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Oct 17, 2006 @ 4:16 pm
could you tell me the name of the film staring james stewart he was very absent minded and he solved why a plane crash
2
rhea
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Mar 22, 2007 @ 11:11 am
This film is "No Highway in the Sky" made in (1951)and co-starring
Marlene Dietrich and Glynis Johns.
3
Mark Espinola
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Mar 24, 2007 @ 7:19 pm
James Stewart was one of America's finest actors.

In 1944, he twice received the Distinguished Flying Cross for actions in combat and was awarded the Croix de Guerre. He also received the Air Medal with three oak leaf clusters. In July 1944, after flying 20 combat missions, Stewart was made Chief of Staff of the 2nd Combat Bombardment Wing of the Eighth Air Force. Before the war ended, he was promoted to Colonel, one of only a few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years.

Jimmy Stewart continued to play an active role in the United States Air Force Reserve after the war, achieving the rank of Brigadier General on July 23, 1959. Jimmy Stewart was a great American.

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