The editors wish to thank the copyright holders of the photographs included in this volume and the permissions managers of many book and magazine publishing companies for assisting us in securing reproduction rights. We are also grateful to the staffs of the Detroit Public Library, the Library of Congress, the University of Detroit Mercy Library, Wayne State University Purdy/Kresge Library Complex, and the University of Michigan Libraries for making their resources available to us. Every effort has been made to trace copyright, but if omissions have been made, please bring them to the attention of the editors. The following is a list of the copyright holders who have granted us permission to reproduce material in the International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers as well as from where said resources were received:
AP/Wide World Photos. Fred Astaire; Dorothy Dandridge; Bette Davis; Dolores del Rio; Johnny Depp; Betty Grable; Rita Hayworth; Kris Kristofferson; Veronica Lake; Dorothy McGuire; Patricia Neal; Nick Nolte; Sidney Poitier; James Stewart; The Three Stooges; Barbra Streisand; Denzel Washington.
Archive Photos, Inc. Ann-Margaret; Mary Astor; Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle; Eddie Cantor; Bing Crosby; Tony Curtis; John Cusack; Doris Day; Jose Ferrer; Glenn Ford; Cary Grant; John Hurt/Paramount Pictures; Glenda Jackson; Buster Keaton; Charles Laughton/American Stock; Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy; Bruce Lee; Jack Lemmon/Universal Studios; The Marx Brothers/American Stock; Ray Milland/Warner Bros.; Marilyn Monroe; River Phoenix; Oliver Reed; Paul Robeson; Lana Turner; Michael York; John Wayne.
CORBIS. Bud Abbott and Lou Costello/Bettmann; Ellen Burstyn/Bettmann-UPI; Jackie Cooper; Clint Eastwood; Joan Fontaine/Bettmann-Springer; Greta Garbo/Bettmann-UPI; Vittorio Gassman/Bettmann; Trevor Howard/Bettmann-Springer; Anna Magnani/Bettmann; Maureen O' Sullivan/Bettmann; Cliff Robertson/Bettmann-UPI; Ginger Rogers/Bettmann; Shirley Temple/Bettmann; Orson Wells/Bettmann; Anna May Wong/Bettmann; Joanne Woodward/Bettmann-Springer.
All remaining images were provided courtesy of the Kobal Collection.