About one thousand feature-length fiction films and some hundreds of long documentaries have been made in the Netherlands, with heydays for the fiction film in the teens, 1930s, 1970s, and 1990s. In spite of this rather modest production, Dutch cinema may boast of several international achievements: such directors as Joris Ivens (1898–1989) and Paul Verhoeven (b. 1938) are internationally known, such films as De Aanslag ( The Assault , Fons Rademakers, 1986) and Karakter ( Character , Mike van Diem, 1997) won Academy Awards ® , and Dutch animated film as well as the Dutch Documentary School stand in good international repute.

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