Macedonian film production since World War II has been centered around Vardar Films in Skopje. Although most of its output has consisted of documentaries and shorts, the studio has managed to release some forty feature films since 1947. Frosina (Vojislav Nanović, 1952) is considered to be the first Macedonian postwar feature. Many Macedonian films dealt with the nation's complex history. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, Žika Mitroví (1921–2005) and Trajče Popov (b. 1923) made a number of films based on historical events. Local legends and rich folk traditions were also often used as sources of original stories. Ljubisa Georgijevski's (b. 1937) Cenata na gradot ( Price of the Town , 1970) and Planinata na gnevot ( The Mountain of Wrath , 1968) are good examples of this tendency. Other Macedonian directors of note prior to independence were Dimitrije Osmanli (1927–2006) and Kiril Cenevski (b. 1943). The most active during the 1980s and 1990s was Stole Popov (b. 1950), who came to prominence with documentaries about the Roma and several critically acclaimed features such as Srećna nova, '49 (Happy New Year, 1949, 1986) and, more recently, Gypsy Magic (1997). Antonio Mitrikeski's debut, Preku ezeroto ( Across the Lake , 1997), an interethnic love story, deserves a mention Mitrovic among a handful of films produced in the last decade. Milcho Manchevski (b. 1960) is the best known Macedonian director in the West, whose drama on ethnic rivalries, Pred dozhdot ( Before the Rain , 1994), received worldwide distribution after winning the Venice Film Festival.

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