Theatre, Film, and Television Biographies
Arthur Marks to John McEnery
Groucho Marx Biography (1890-1977)
Original name, Julius Henry Marx; born October 2, 1890 (some sources say 1895), in New York, NY; died of pneumonia, August 19, 1977, in Los Angeles, CA; son of Simon (an actor, tailor, and cook; also known as Sam and Frenchie) andMiene (a manager and director; maiden name, Schoenberg; also known as MinniePalmer) Marx; brother of Chico, Harpo, Gummo, and Zeppo Marx (all actors andcomedians); married Ruth Johnson, 1920 (divorced, 1942); married Kay Marvis Gorcy, 1945 (divorced, 1951); married Eden Hartford, July 17, 1954 (divorced,December, 1969); children: (first marriage) Arthur, Melinda; (second marriage) Miriam.
- Birth Details
- October 2, 1890
- New York City, New York, United States
- Death Details
- August 19, 1977
- Los Angeles, California, United States
Credits; Film Appearances
- Villain, Humorisk, 1920.
- Hammer, The Cocoanuts, Paramount, 1929.
- Captain Jeffrey Spaulding, Animal Crackers, Paramount, 1930.
- The House That Shadows Built, Paramount, 1931.
- Groucho, Monkey Business, Paramount, 1931.
- Hollywood on Parade No. 5, Paramount, 1932.
- Professor Wagstaff, Horse Feathers, Paramount, 1932.
- Rufus T. Firefly, Duck Soup, Paramount, 1933.
- Otis B. Driftwood, A Night at the Opera, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1935.
- Sunbather, Yours for the Asking, Paramount, 1936.
- Dr. Hugo Z. Hackenbush, A Day at the Races, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1937.
- Gordon Miller, Room Service, RKO, 1938.
- Attorney J. Cheever Loophole, At the Circus (also known as The Marx Brothers at the Circus), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1939.
- S. Quentin Quale, Go West (also known as Marx Brothers Go West), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1940.
- Wolf J. Flywheel, The Big Store, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1941.
- Instatanes, 1943.
- Screen Snapshots No. 2 (short film), 1943.
- Screen Snapshots No. 8 (short film), 1943.
- Ronald Kornblow, A Night in Casablanca, United Artists, 1946.
- Lionel Devereaux, Copacabana, United Artists, 1947.
- Himself, Love Happy, United Artists, 1949.
- Himself, Mr. Music, Paramount, 1950.
- Emil J. Keck, Double Dynamite (also known as It's Only Money),RKO Radio Pictures, 1951.
- Benny Linn, A Girl in Every Port, RKO Radio Pictures, 1952.
- Peter Minuit, The Story of Mankind, Cambridge/Warner Bros., 1957.
- George Schmidlap, Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (also known as Oh! Fora Man!), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1957.
- Showdown at Ulcer Gulch (short film), 1958.
- Big Parade of Comedy (documentary), 1964.
- "God," Skidoo, Paramount, 1968.
Credits; Television Appearances; Series
- You Bet Your Life, NBC, 1950-61.
- Tell It to Groucho, CBS, 1962.
Credits; Television Appearances; Episodic
- "The Incredible Jewel Robbery," General Electric Theater (also known as G. E. Theater), CBS, 1959.
- "The Mikado," The Bell Telephone Hour, NBC, 1960.
- "The Holdout," General Electric Theater (also known as G. E.
- Theater), CBS, 1962.
- "Time for Elizabeth," Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theater, NBC, 1964.
- "Murder at NBC," Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theater, NBC, 1966.
- "The Greatest Invention in the World," I Dream of Jeannie, NBC, 1967.
- Julia, NBC, 1968.
- Also appeared in The Dick Cavett Show, ABC and CBS.
Credits; Television Appearances; Specials
- Joys, NBC, 1976.
Credits; Stage Appearances
- Fun in Hi Skool (also known as Fun in Hi Skule), New York City, 1912.
- Home Again, 1914, later Palace Theatre, New York City, 1917.
- 'N Everything, New York City, 1919.
- The Cinderella Girl, New York City, 1919.
- I'll Say She Is, New York City, 1919.
- The Cocoanuts, New York City, 1925.
- The Man Who Came to Dinner, New York City, 1940.
- Also appeared in Mr. Green's Reception, On the Mezzanine Floor, Animal Crackers, A Night at the Opera, A Day at the Races, At the Circus, and The MarxBrothers Go West.
Credits; Stage Work
- Consultant, Minnie's Boys, Imperial Theatre, New York City, 1970.
Credits; Major Tours
- An Evening with Groucho (solo show), 1972.
Credits; Radio Appearances
- The Pabst Blue Ribbon Show, 1943-44.
- Host, You Bet Your Life, 1947-50.
- Also appeared in Flywheel, Shyster, and Flywheel, The Marx Brothers Show,and That Was the Week That Was.
- (With Norman Krasna) The King and the Chorus Girl (also known as RomanceIs Sacred; based on the story "Grand Passion" by Groucho Marx and Norman Krasna), Warner Bros., 1937.
- (With Norman Krasna) Time for Elizabeth, Broadway production, New York City, 1948.
- Groucho and Me, Random House (New York City), 1959.
- Memoirs of a Mangy Lover, Bernard Geis Associates (New York City), 1964.
- The Groucho Letters: Letters from and to Groucho Marx, Simon & Schuster, 1967.
- (With Richard J. Anobile) The Marx Bros. Scrapbook, Darien House (New York City), 1973.
- The Groucho File: An Illustrated Life, Bobbs-Merrill (New York City), 1976.
- (With Hector Arce) The Secret Word Is Groucho, Putnam (New York City), 1976.
- Many Happy Returns: An Unofficial Guide to Your Income-Tax Problems, Simon & Schuster (New York City), 1942.
- Beds, 1930.
- International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers, Volume 3: Actors and Actresses, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1992.