Philip Glass Biography (1937-)

Born January 31, 1937, in Baltimore, MD; son of Benjamin Charles (a record store owner) and Ida (maiden name, Gouline) Glass; married Jo Anne Akalaitis (an actress and director), July 15, 1965 (divorced, 1980); married Luba Burtyk(an internist), October 1980 (divorced); married Candy Jernigan (died, 1991);married Holly Critchlow, 2001; children: (first marriage) Zachary, Juliet; (fourth marriage) Cameron. Addresses: Manager: Kraft-Engel Management,15233 Ventura Blvd., Suite 200, Sherman Oaks, CA 91403.

Nationality
American
Gender
Male
Occupation
Composer, musician, director, screenwriter
Birth Details
January 31, 1937
Baltimore, Maryland, United States

Famous Works

  • CREDITS
  • Stage Work
  • Director, 1000 Airplanes on the Roof, Vienna International Airport, Vienna, Austria, 1987
  • Stage Appearances
  • Grace for Grace, Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York City,1991
  • Film Work
  • Music supervisor and transcriptionist, Chappaqua, Regional, 1967
  • Music director, Koyaanisqatsi, New Yorker, 1982
  • Dramaturgical consultant, Powaqqatsi (also known as Powaqqatsi:Life in Transformation), Cannon, 1988
  • Director, Anima Mundi (documentary short film; also known as The Soul of the World), 1991
  • Creative musical supervisor and musical supervisor, Closet Land, Universal, 1991
  • Song arranger, Exposure, 1991
  • Film Appearances
  • Four American Composers, Trans Atlantic Films, 1983
  • Narrator, A Composer's Notes: Philip Glass and the Making of an Opera (also known as A Composer's Notes), Michael Blackwell Productions,1985
  • The Kitchen Presents Two Moon July (also known as Two Moon July), 1986
  • Robert Wilson and the Civil Wars (documentary), Unisphere, 1987
  • Music performer, Christo in Paris (documentary), 1990
  • John Cage: Man and Myth, 1990
  • Himself, The Nova Convention Revisited (also known as The NovaConvention Revisited: William S. Burroughs and the Arts), 1998
  • Keyboard artist, The Truman Show, Paramount, 1998
  • A Brief History of Errol Morris (documentary), 2000
  • Armonie dell'Estasi (documentary), 2000
  • Himself, Jonas at the Ocean, 2001
  • Himself, Powaqqatsi: Impact of Progress (documentary short film),MGM/UA Home Entertainment, 2002
  • Television Appearances
  • Miniseries
  • Himself, Music with Roots in the Aether: Opera for Television by Robert Ashley, 1974
  • Specials
  • Himself, "Einstein on the Beach: The Changing Image of Opera," Great Performances, PBS, 1986
  • Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks, The Discovery Channel, 1989
  • Edgar Allan Poe: Terror of the Soul (also known as American Masters: Edgar Allan Poe: Terror of the Soul), PBS, 1995
  • Chuck Close: A Portrait in Progress, PBS, 1998
  • Interviewee, Lou Reed: Rock and Roll Heart, PBS, 1998
  • Himself, The Nova Convention Revisited (also known as The NovaConvention Revisited: William S. Burroughs and the Arts), 1998
  • Lincoln Center Festival 2001, PBS, 2001
  • Episodic
  • Musical guest, Saturday Night Live, NBC, 1986
  • Late Night with David Letterman, 1986
  • Himself, Sessions at West 54th, PBS, 1997
  • RECORDINGS
  • Albums; with Philip Glass Ensemble
  • The Photographer: For Violin, Chorus, and Instruments, CBS Masterworks, 1982
  • Glassworks, CBS Masterworks, 1982
  • Koyaanisqatsi, Antilles, 1983
  • Einstein on the Beach, CBS Masterworks, 1985
  • Songs from Liquid Days, CBS Masterworks, 1987
  • Akhnaten, CBS Masterworks, 1988
  • Dancepieces, CBS Masterworks, 1988
  • Mad Rush; Metamorphosis; Wichita Sutra Vortex, CBS Masterworks, 1989
  • Music in Twelve Parts, Virgin, 1990
  • Symphony No. 2, Saxophone Quartet Concerto, Atlantic, 1998
  • Also recorded North Star, Virgin International; Satyagraha,CBS.
  • Albums
  • Strung Out: For Amplified Violin, Xenakis, 1968
  • Einstein on the Beach, CBS, 1979
  • Modern Love Waltz: For Flute, Clarinet, Violin, Cello, and Electric Piano, CRI, 1980
  • Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (original soundtrack), Nonesuch,1985
  • Satyagraha, CBS, 1985
  • North Star, Virgin, 1986
  • Solo Piano, CBS, 1989
  • The Thin Blue Line, 1989
  • 1000 Airplanes on the Roof, Virgin, 1989
  • The Essential Philip Glass, 1993
  • Low, 1993
  • La Belle et la Bete, 1995
  • (Joseph Conrad's) The Secret Agent (original soundtrack), 1996
  • Kundun: Music from the Original Soundtrack, 1997
  • Glassmaster, Sony Classics, 1997
  • Philip on Film, 2001
  • Other albums include Company: For String Quartet, Nonesuch; Facades: For Flute and Strings, Angel; and Music for Violin Solo (from Einstein on the Beach), New World.
  • WRITINGS
  • Stage Scores
  • Music for Voices, Mabou Mines Theatre, 1970
  • Mabou Mines Performs Samuel Becket, Theatre for the New City, NewYork City, 1975
  • Einstein on the Beach (opera), Avignon, France, and other Europeanvenues, then the Metropolitan Opera House, New York City, all 1976
  • Dressed Like an Egg, Mabou Mines, New York Shakespeare Festival, Public Theatre, New York City, 1977
  • Dead End Kids, New York Shakespeare Festival, Public Theatre, 1980
  • Satyagraha (opera), commissioned by the city of Rotterdam, the Netherlands, 1980
  • The Photographer (opera), 1982
  • (With Robert Wilson and Maita di Niscemi) the CIVIL warS: a tree is best measured when it is down, 1982
  • Samuel Beckett's Company, Mabou Mines, New York Shakespeare Festival, Public Theatre, 1983
  • Cold Harbor, Mabou Mines, New York Shakespeare Festival, Public Theatre, 1983
  • Glass Pieces (ballet from Glassworks and Akhnaten),New York City Ballet, New York State Theatre, New York City, 1983
  • Opening and closing music, Suzanna Andler, South Street Theatre, New York City, 1984
  • Incidental music, Endgame, American Repertory Theatre, Cambridge,MA, 1984
  • Akhnaten (opera), commissioned by the Wurttemberg State Theatre, state of Wurttemberg, West Germany (now Germany), 1984
  • (With Robert Moran and Arthur Yorinks) The Juniper Tree, AmericanRepertory Theatre, 1985
  • "A Madrigal Opera," An Evening of Micro-Operas, Mark Taper Forum,Los Angeles, 1985
  • (With Matthew Maguire and Molissa Fenley) Descent into the Maelstrom (theatre and dance piece; based on the Edgar Allan Poe short story of thesame name), commissioned by the Australian Dance Theatre, 1985
  • (With Doris Lessing) The Making of the Representative for Planet 8(three-act opera), Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Houston, TX, Kiel, West Germany (now Germany), and London, 1985-1986
  • 1000 Airplanes on the Roof, Vienna International Airport, Vienna,Austria, 1987, then Beacon Theatre, New York City, 1988
  • The Fall of the House of Usher (two-act opera; based on the EdgarAllan Poe novel of the same name), commissioned by the Kentucky Opera and theAmerican Repertory Theatre, 1988
  • Cymbeline, New York Shakespeare Festival, Public/Newman Theatre, New York City, 1989
  • Henry IV, Part I, Public/Newman Theatre, 1991
  • The Voyage, commissioned by the Metropolitan Opera House, 1992
  • The Mysteries and What's So Funny?, Joyce Theatre, New York City,1992-1993
  • Orphee, American Repertory Theatre, 1992-1993
  • Woyzeck, Public/Newman Theatre, 1992-1993
  • In the Summer House, Vivian Beaumont Theatre, New York City, 1993
  • La belle et la bete, Next Wave Festival, Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York City, 1994
  • Prisoner of Love, New York Theatre Workshop, New York City, 1995
  • The Marriages between Zones Three, Four, and Five (opera; based onthe work of Doris Lessing), Heidelberg, Germany, 1997
  • Monsters of Grace (opera), Barbican Theatre, New York City, 1998
  • In the Penal Colony, Court Theater, Chicago, IL, 2000, then Classic Stage Company, 2001
  • White Raven, New York State Theatre, New York City, 2001
  • Galileo Galilei, Goodman Theater, Chicago, IL, 2002
  • The Elephant Man, Royale Theatre, New York City, 2002
  • The Sound of a Voice, Loeb Drama Center, Cambridge, MA, 2003
  • Composed music for the Alvin Ailey Dance Theatre and for the choreographer Lar Lubovitch.
  • Film Scores
  • Mark Di Suvero, Sculptor (also known as North Star: Mark di Suvero), Parrot Productions, 1977
  • (Uncredited) Suspiria (also known as Dario Argento's Suspiria and Suspiria--In den Krallen des Bosen), 1977
  • Koyaanisqatsi (also known as Koyaanisqatsi: Life Out of Balance), New Yorker, 1982
  • Breathless, Orion, 1983
  • Four American Composers, Trans Atlantic Films, 1983
  • Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters (also known as Mishima), Warner Bros., 1984
  • High Wire, 1984
  • A Composer's Notes: Philip Glass and the Making of an Opera (Akhnaten), Michael Blackwell Productions, 1985
  • Dead End Kids (also known as Dead End Kids: A Story of NuclearPower), Ikon-Mabou Mines, 1986
  • Dialogue (also known as Dialog), 1986
  • The Kitchen Presents Two Moon July (also known as Two Moon July), 1986
  • Hamburger Hill, Paramount, 1987
  • Powaqqatsi (also known as Powwaqatsi: Life in Transformation), Cannon, 1988
  • The Thin Blue Line (documentary), J. G. Films, 1988
  • La chiesa (also known as Cathedral of Demons, The Church, Demon Cathedral, Demons 3, and In the Land of the Demons), Cecchi Gori, 1988
  • Christo in Paris (documentary), 1990
  • Anima Mundi (documentary short film; also known as The Soul ofthe World), 1991
  • Mindwalk, 1991
  • Merci, la vie (also known as Thank You, Life and Thanksfor Life), Orly Films/Cine Valse, 1991
  • Closet Land, 1991
  • Candyman (also known as Clive Barker's Candyman), TriStar,1992
  • A Brief History of Time (documentary), Channel 4 Films, 1992
  • Compassion in Exile: The Life of the 14th Dalai Lama (documentary), 1992
  • Planetens spejle (also known as Mirror of the Planet), 1992
  • Niki de Saint Phalle: Wer ist das Monster-du oder ich? (documentary; also known as Figuren der Freude, Niki de Saint Phalle: Who Is the Monster, You or Me?, and Niki de Saint Phalle), 1994
  • Jenipapo (also known as The Interview), Boku Films/Ravina Films, 1994
  • Candyman: Farewell to the Flesh (also known as Candyman II: Farewell to the Flesh), Gramercy, 1995
  • (Uncredited; new version) La belle et la bete (also known as Beauty and the Beast), originally released in 1946, new release, 1995
  • Evidence, 1995
  • The Secret Agent (also known as Joseph Conrad's The Secret Agent), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996
  • Ballad of the Skeletons (short film), 1996
  • Absence Stronger than Presence (documentary short film), 1996
  • Perfect Moment (documentary), 1996
  • Depart immediat, 1996
  • Bent, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1997
  • Kundun, Buena Vista, 1997
  • Si je t'aime ... prends garde a toi, Rezo Films, 1998
  • Noyaqqatsi (documentary), 1999
  • The Source (documentary), Calliope Films, 1999
  • The Eden Myth, Tuesday Night Movies, 1999
  • (New score) Dracula, 1913, new release, 1999
  • Sin ceder (documentary short film), 1999
  • Armonie dell'Estasi (documentary short film), 2000
  • The Man in the Bath, 2001
  • Diaspora (short film), 2001
  • (Uncredited) The Confession (short film), 2001
  • Passage (short film), 2002
  • Naqoyqatsi, Miramax, 2002
  • The Baronnes and the Pig, 2002
  • C'est le bouquet! (also known as Special Delivery), 2002
  • The Hours, Paramount, 2002
  • The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara(documentary; also known as The Fog of War), Sony Pictures Classics,2003
  • Secret Window, Sony Pictures Entertainment, 2004
  • Taking Lives, Warner Bros., 2004
  • Undertow, United Artists, 2004
  • Partition, 2004
  • Also composed a new score for Cenere (also known as Ashes),Ambrosio Film.
  • Film Additional Music
  • The Truman Show, Paramount, 1998
  • Film Songs
  • La chiesa (also known as Cathedral of Demons, The Church, Demon Cathedral, Demons 3, and In the Land of the Demons), Cecchi Gori, 1988
  • Exposure, 1991
  • Screenplays
  • Noyaqqatsi (documentary), 1999
  • Television Scores
  • Series
  • The Arctic, 1992
  • Miniseries
  • Music with Roots in the Aether: Opera for Television by Robert Ashley, 1974
  • Specials
  • Satyagraha, 1983
  • High Wire, PBS, 1985
  • "Einstein on the Beach: The Changing Image of Opera," Great Performances, PBS, 1986
  • "The Thin Blue Line," American Playhouse, PBS, 1988
  • Timeless Voices: The Gyuto Monks, The Discovery Channel, 1989
  • Peter Jennings Reporting: Guns, ABC, 1990
  • A Walk through Prospero's Library, 1991
  • Twyla Tharp: Oppositions, PBS, 1996
  • Chuck Close: A Portrait in Progress, PBS, 1998
  • Legacy of a Kidnapping: Lindbergh and the Triumph of the Tabloids,PBS, 2001
  • Pandemic: Facing AIDS, HBO, 2003
  • Television Songs
  • Specials
  • "The Cask of Amontillado," Edgar Allan Poe: Terror of the Soul, PBS, 1995
  • Television Scores
  • Episodic
  • "ConFusion in a Jar," Nova, PBS, 1990
  • Musical Pieces
  • String Quartet, 1966
  • Music in the Shape of a Square (for two flutes), 1967
  • In Again Out Again (for two pianos), 1967
  • One Plus One (for amplified tabletop), 1967
  • The Olympian (for chorus and orchestra; used at the opening of the1984 Olympics), Los Angeles, 1984
  • (With Laurie Anderson, David Byrne, Paul Simon, and Suzanne Vega) Songs from Liquid Days, 1985
  • Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, 1987
  • Canyon (for orchestra), 1988
  • Hydrogen Jukebox (based on the poetry of Allen Ginsberg), 1990
  • Heroes Symphony (based on the David Bowie album Heroes), c.1997
  • White Raven (O Corvo Bianco), 1998
  • Tirol Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, 2000
  • Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, 2001
  • Voices for Organ, Didgeridoo and Narrator, 2001
  • Symphony No. 6 Plutonain Ode, 2002
  • Also composed music for the 1996 Olympic Games, Atlanta, GA.
  • Musical Pieces for the Philip Glass Ensemble
  • Music in Contrary Motion, 1969
  • Music in Fifths, 1969
  • Music in Similar Motion, 1969
  • Music in Eight Parts, 1969
  • Music with Changing Parts, 1970
  • Music in Twelve Parts, 1971-1974
  • (With Lucinda Childs and Sol LeWitt) Dance (multimedia piece), 1979
  • Nonfiction
  • Music by Philip Glass, edited and supplemented by Robert T. Jones,Harper and Row, 1987

Further Reference

OTHER SOURCES

    Books
    • Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Schirmer, 2001
    • Encyclopedia of World Biography, Gale Research, 1998
    • Mertens, W., American Minimal Music: LaMonte Young, Terry Riley, SteveReich, Philip Glass, Broude, 1983
    • Music by Philip Glass, Da Capo Press, 1995
    • Newsmakers, Gale, 1991
    Periodicals
    • American Theatre, October, 2003, p. 103
    • Billboard, July 10, 1999, p. 43; July 21, 2001, p. 13; December 7,2002, p. 14
    • The Economist, August 18, 2001
    • Insight on the News, December 17, 2001, p. 33
    • Interview, December, 1994, p. 66
    • New Republic, April 10, 2000, p. 29
    • New Statesman, February 14, 1997, p. 40; May 29, 1998, pp. 45-46
    • Sarasota Magazine, December, 1995, pp. 56-58
    • Smithsonian, November, 2003, p. 100

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