John Lennon Biography (1940-1980)



Original name, John Winston Lennon; name legally changed, April 22, 1969; born October 9, 1940, in Liverpool, England; died of gunshot wounds, December 8,1980, in New York, NY; son of Alfred (a merchant seaman, dishwasher, and porter) and Julia (Stanley) Lennon; married Cynthia Powell, August 23, 1962 (divorced, November 8, 1968); married Yoko Ono (an artist and singer), March 20,1969; children: (first marriage) John Charles Julian (a musician); (second marriage) Kyoko (stepdaughter), Sean Ono Taro (a musician). Career: Actor, musician, composer, producer, director and writer. Nurk Twins, band member, 1957; Quarrymen, co-founder and member of musical group, 1958; Moondogs, member of trio, 1959; Silver Beatles, band member, 1960; premiered with the Beatles, Liverpool, England, 1960; The Beatles, band member, 1960-70. Apple Boutique, London, co-owner, 1967-68; Apple Corp. Ltd., London, partner, beginningin 1968. Plastic Ono Band, founder and band member, 1969; also performed asa solo musical artist, 1970-80. Awards, Honors: Foyles Literary Prize,1964, for In His Own Write; Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best newartists, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1964; Grammy Awardnomination (with the Beatles), best original score for a motion picture or television show, 1964, for A Hard Day's Night; Grammy Award nomination(with Paul McCartney), song of the year, 1964, for "A Hard Days Night;" decorated Order of the British Empire, 1965; Grammy Award nomination (with Paul McCartney), song of the year, 1965, for "Yesterday;" Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), best original score for motion picture or television show,1965, for Help!; Grammy Award (with McCartney), song of the year, 1966, for "Michelle;" Grammy Awards (with the Beatles), album of the year, best album cover, best contemporary rock and roll recording, and best engineered recording, all 1967, for Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band; Grammy Award nomination (with McCartney), song of the year, 1968, for "Hey Jude;" Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best engineered recording, 1969, for Abbey Road; Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), best original score fora motion picture or television special, 1969, for Yellow Submarine; Grammy Award (with the Beatles), best original score for music or television, 1970, for Let It Be; Grammy Award nominations (with McCartney), song ofthe year and best contemporary song, and Academy Award (with the Beatles) best original song score, all 1970, for "Let It Be;" Ivor Novello Award (with the Beatles), 1970, for "Get Back" and "Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da;" Trustee Award (with the Beatles), National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1972; Grammy Award nomination (with the Beatles), cast show album, 1978, for Beatlemania; Grammy Award (with Yoko Ono), album of the year, 1981, for DoubleFantasy; Grammy Award nomination (with Ono), spoken word or non-musicalrecording, 1981, for Heart Play (Unfinished Dialogue); posthumously inducted into Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, 1988; Lifetime Achievement Award, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1991; numerous gold and platinum albums.

Nationality
English
Gender
Male
Occupation
Musician, actor, composer, producer, director, writer
Birth Details
October 9, 1940
Liverpool, England
Death Details
December 8, 1980
New York, New York, United States

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