Sam Shepard Biography (1942?-)

Original name, Samuel Shepard Rogers VII; born November 5, 1942 (some sourcescite 1943), in Fort Sheridan, IL; son of Samuel Shepard (an army officer, teacher, and farmer) and Jane Elaine (maiden name, Schook) Rogers; married O-Lan Johnson Dark (some sources cite name as O-Lan Jones; an actress), November9, 1969 (divorced, 1984); companion of Jessica Lange (an actress); children:(first marriage) Jesse Mojo; (with Lange) Hannah Jane, Samuel Walker. Addresses: Agent: International Creative Management, 8942 Wilshire Blvd., Beverly Hills, CA 90211.

Nationality
American
Gender
Male
Occupation
Writer, actor, director, composer
Birth Details
November 5, 1942?
Fort Sheridan, Illinois, United States

Famous Works

  • CREDITS
  • Film Appearances
  • Jo Saville (title role), Bronco Bullfrog, British Lion, 1970
  • Brand X, 1970
  • Rodeo hand, Renaldo and Clara, Circuit, 1977
  • Farmer, Days of Heaven, Paramount, 1978
  • Cal Carpenter, Resurrection, Universal, 1980
  • Bailey (title role), Raggedy Man, Universal, 1981
  • Harry York, Frances, Universal, 1982
  • Chuck Yeager, The Right Stuff, Warner Bros., 1983
  • Gil Ivy, Country, Buena Vista, 1984
  • Paris, Texas, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1984
  • Eddie, Fool for Love, Cannon, 1985
  • Doc Porter, Crimes of the Heart, De Laurentiis Entertainment Group, 1986
  • Dr. Jeff Cooper, Baby Boom, United Artists, 1987
  • Spud Jones, Steel Magnolias, TriStar, 1989
  • The Hot Spot, Orion, 1990
  • George Beutel, Defenseless, Seven Arts, 1991
  • Jack Russell, Bright Angel, Hemdale, 1991
  • Frank Coutelle, Thunderheart, TriStar, 1992
  • Walter Faber, Voyager (also known as Homo Faber), Castle Hill, 1992
  • Professor Thomas Callahan, The Pelican Brief, Warner Bros., 1993
  • Patrick Singer, Safe Passage, New Line Cinema, 1994
  • Reece McHenry, The Only Thrill, Moonstone, 1997
  • Arthur Chambers, Snow Falling on Cedars, Universal, 1999
  • Ghost of Hamlet's father, Hamlet, Miramax, 1999
  • Just to Be Together (also known as Tanto per stare insieme), 1999
  • J. C. Franklin, All the Pretty Horses, Miramax, 2000
  • Eric Pollack, The Pledge, Warner Bros., 2001
  • Major General William F. Garrison, Black Hawk Down, Columbia, 2001
  • Senator Reisman, Swordfish, Warner Bros., 2001
  • Himself, The Late Henry Moss, Keep Your Head, 2002
  • Himself, Rosy-Fingered Dawn: A Film on Terrence Malick (documentary), Campinella Productions/Citrullo International/Misami Film, 2002
  • Vic, Leo, Gold Circle Films, 2002
  • Sheriff Kolb, Blind Horizon, Nu Image, 2003
  • This So-Called Disaster, 2003
  • Film Director
  • Tongues, 1982
  • Far North, Alive, 1988
  • Silent Tongue (also known as Le gardien des esprits), Trimark Pictures, 1993
  • Television Appearances
  • Miniseries
  • Corporal Pea Eye Parker, Streets of Laredo (also known as LarryMcMurtry's Streets of Laredo), CBS, 1995
  • Himself, Changing Stages, PBS, 2000
  • Movies
  • Snort Yarnell, The Good Old Boys, TNT, 1995
  • Pete Davenport, Lily Dale, Showtime, 1996
  • Will Dodge, Curtain Call, Starz!, 1998
  • Dashiell Hammett, Dash and Lilly, Arts and Entertainment, 1999
  • Sheriff Forrest and Wild Bill Hickok, Purgatory, TNT, 1999
  • Major Nelson Gray, One Kill, Showtime, 2000
  • Caleb Gare, After the Harvest (also known as Wild Geese), CTV and Lifetime, 2001
  • Frank Gilmore, Sr., Shot in the Heart, HBO, 2001
  • Specials
  • "Sam Shepard: Stalking Himself," Great Performances, PBS, 1998
  • Himself, Spotlight on Location: Snow Falling on Cedars, 2000
  • Narrator, Kurosawa, PBS, 2001
  • Episodic
  • (With the Holy Modal Rounders) Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In (also known as Laugh-In), NBC, 1968
  • Himself, Intimate Portrait: Jessica Lange, Lifetime, 1998
  • "Jessica Lange: It's Only Make-Believe," Crazy about the Movies, Cinemax, 1991
  • Stage Appearances
  • Cowboy Mouth, American Place Theatre, New York City, 1971
  • Stage Director
  • Geography of a Horse Dreamer, Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, London, 1974
  • Fool for Love, Magic Theatre, San Francisco, CA, then Circle Repertory Theatre, New York City, later Douglas Fairbanks Theatre, New York City,all 1983
  • A Lie of the Mind, Promenade Theatre, New York City, 1985
  • Simpatico, Estelle R. Newman Theatre, Public Theatre, New York City, 1994
  • The Late Henry Moss, Magic Theatre, 2000, then Signature Theatre Company, New York City, 2001
  • WRITINGS
  • Stage Plays
  • Cowboys (one-act), Theatre Genesis, New York City, 1964
  • The Rock Garden (one-act), Theatre Genesis, 1964, first publishedin The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill (Indianapolis, IN),1971
  • Dog (one-act), La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, New York City, 1965
  • Rocking Chair, La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1965
  • Up to Thursday (one-act), Cherry Lane Theatre, New York City, 1965
  • 4-H Club (one-act), Cherry Lane Theatre, 1965, published in TheUnseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • Icarus's Mother (one-act), Caffe Cino, New York City, 1965, then Open Space Theatre, London, 1971, published in Five Plays by Sam Shepard, Bobbs-Merrill, 1967
  • Chicago (one-act), Theatre Genesis, 1965, then in London, 1976, revived by Signature Theatre Company, Susan Stein Shiva, Public Theatre, New York City, 1997, published in Five Plays by Sam Shepard, Bobbs-Merrill,1967
  • Fourteen Hundred Thousand (one-act), Firehouse Theatre, Minneapolis, MN, 1966, published in Five Plays by Sam Shepard, Bobbs-Merrill, 1967
  • Melodrama Play, in Six from La MaMa, Martinique Theatre, New York City, 1966, then La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, later Mercury Theatre, London, both 1967, published in Five Plays by Sam Shepard, Bobbs-Merrill, 1967
  • Red Cross (one-act), Judson Poet's Theatre, New York City, 1966, then Provincetown Playhouse, New York City, 1969, produced in Glasgow, Scotland, 1969, later at King's Head Theatre, London, 1972, published in Five Plays by Sam Shepard, Bobbs-Merrill, 1967
  • La Turista (two-act), American Place Theatre, New York City, 1967,then Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, London, 1969, first published by Bobbs-Merrill, 1968
  • Forensic and the Navigators (one-act), Theatre Genesis, 1967, thenAstor Place Theatre, New York City, 1970, published in The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • Cowboys No. 2 (one-act), Old Reliable Theatre, New York City, thenMark Taper Forum, Los Angeles, both 1967, later London, 1980, published in Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays, Winter House, 1972
  • The Holy Ghostly (one-act), La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1969, then King's Head Theatre, 1973, published in The Unseen Hand and OtherPlays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • The Unseen Hand (one-act), La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1969, then Astor Place Theatre, 1970, later Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, 1973, published in The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971, published with Action, Faber (London), 1975
  • (With others) Oh! Calcutta!, Eden Theatre, New York City, 1969-1975 then Edison Theatre, New York City, 1976-1989
  • Operation Sidewinder (two-act), Vivian Beaumont Theatre, Lincoln Center, New York City, 1970, first published by Bobbs-Merrill, 1970
  • Shaved Splits, La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1970, publishedin The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • (With others) Terminal, Open Theatre, New York City, 1971
  • Black Bog Beast Bait (one-act), American Place Theatre, 1971, published in The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • Mad Dog Blues (one-act), Theatre Genesis, 1971, then in Edinburgh,Scotland, 1978, published in Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays, Winter House, 1972
  • (With Patti Smith) Cowboy Mouth, Traverse Theatre, Edinburgh, thenAmerican Place Theatre, both 1971, later in London, 1972, published in Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays, Winter House, 1972
  • The Tooth of Crime (two-act), Open Space Theatre, 1972, then Performing Garage Theatre, New York City, 1973, later Royal Court Theatre, 1974, revised version produced as Tooth of Crime (Second Dance), music and lyrics by T-Bone Burnett, Signature Theatre Company, Lucille Lortel Theatre, New York City, 1997, first published in The Tooth of Crime [and] Geography of a Horse Dreamer, Grove (New York City), 1974
  • (With Megan Terry and Jean-Claude van Itallie) Nightwalk, Open Theatre, then in London, both 1973, first published in Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays, Winter House, 1972
  • Blue Bitch, Theatre Genesis, 1973, then London, 1975
  • Little Ocean, Hampstead Theatre Club, London, 1974
  • Geography of a Horse Dreamer (two-act), Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, 1974, then in New Haven, CT, 1974, and New York City, 1975, first published in The Tooth of Crime [and] Geography of a Horse Dreamer, Grove, 1974
  • Action (one-act), American Place Theatre, 1974, then Magic Theatreand Royal Court Theatre, both 1975, revived by Signature Theatre Company atSusan Stein Shiva, Public Theatre, 1997, published in Angel City and OtherPlays, Urizen Books (New York City), 1976
  • Killer's Head (one-act monologue), American Place Theatre, 1974, then Magic Theatre and Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, both 1975, revived by Signature Theatre Company, Susan Stein Shiva, Public Theatre, 1997, published inAngel City and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1976
  • Suicide in B-Flat, in New Haven, CT, 1976, then at Impossible Ragtime Theatre, New York City, 1979, later Denver Center Theatre Company, Denver, CO, 1982, published in Buried Child and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1979
  • Angel City, Magic Theatre, 1976, then in London, 1983, later at American Repertory Theatre, Cambridge, MA, 1984, published in Angel City andOther Plays, Urizen Books, 1976
  • The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Eve of Killing His Wife (one-act), San Francisco, 1976, then at La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1983, revived by Signature Theatre Company, Susan Stein Shiva, Public Theatre, 1997,published with Fool for Love, City Lights (San Francisco, CA), 1983
  • Inacoma, San Francisco, 1977
  • Curse of the Starving Class (two-act), New York Shakespeare Festival, Estelle R. Newman Theatre, Public Theatre, 1978, then in London, later revived by Signature Theatre Company, Susan Stein Shiva, Public Theatre, 1997,published by Dramatists Play Service (New York City), 1991
  • (With Joseph Chaikin) Buried Child (two-act), Theatre De Lys (nowLucille Lortel Theatre), New York City, then San Francisco, both 1978, revised version, Steppenwolf Theatre Company, Chicago, 1995-1996, then Circle Repertory Company, Brooks Atkinson Theatre, New York City, 1996, published in Buried Child and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1979
  • Seduced, Providence, RI, 1978, then at American Place Theatre, 1979, published in Buried Child and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1979
  • (With Chaikin; and composer with Skip LaPlante and Harry Mann) Tongues, New York Shakespeare Festival, Other Stage, Public Theatre, New York City, then Eureka Theatre Festival, Eureka, CA, both 1979, later Mark Taper Forum, 1981, published in Seven Plays by Sam Shepard, Bantam (New York City), 1981
  • (With Chaikin; and composer with LaPlante and Mann) Savage/Love, New York Shakespeare Festival, Other Stage, Public Theatre, then Eureka Theatre Festival, both 1979, later Mark Taper Forum, 1981, published in Seven Plays by Sam Shepard, Bantam, 1981
  • (With Jacques Levy) Jackson's Dance, New Haven, 1980
  • True West (two-act), San Francisco, 1980, then New York Shakespeare Festival, Martinson Hall, Public Theatre, 1981, later Cherry Lane Theatre,1982, revived at Circle in the Square, New York City, 2000, published in Seven Plays by Sam Shepard, Bantam, 1981
  • Fool for Love, Magic Theatre, 1983, then Circle Repertory Theatre,later Douglas Fairbanks Theatre, both New York City, 1983, published with The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Eve of Killing His Wife, City Lights, 1983
  • (And composer with Catherine Stone) Superstitions (one-act), La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club, 1983
  • A Lie of the Mind, Promenade Theatre, New York City, 1985, then London, 1987, later Donmar Warehouse Theatre, London, 2001, published with The War in Heaven, New American Library (New York City), 1987
  • Hawk Moon, London, 1989
  • States of Shock, American Place Theatre, 1991, published by Vintage (New York City), 1993
  • (With Chaikin) The War in Heaven, American Place Theatre, 1991, then Signature Theatre Company, Public Theatre, 1997, published with A Lie of the Mind, New American Library, 1987
  • Simpatico, Estelle R. Newman Theatre, Public Theatre, New York City, 1994
  • (With Chaikin) When the World Was Green (A Chef's Fable), OlympicArts Festival, Atlanta, GA, later Signature Theatre Company, Public Theatre,1997
  • Eyes for Consuela (based on "The Blue Bouquet," a short story by Octavio Paz), Manhattan Theatre Club Stage II, New York City, 1998
  • The Late Henry Moss, Magic Theatre, 2000, then Signature Theatre Company, New York City, 2001, staged reading at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, Ireland, 2003
  • Also wrote the play True Dylan.
  • Screenplays
  • (With Robert Frank) Me and My Brother, New Yorker, 1967
  • (With others) Zabriski Point, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1970, publishedwith Anton's Red Desert, Simon & Schuster (New York City), 1970
  • (With Murray Mednick) Ringaleevio, 1971
  • (With others) Oh! Calcutta! (based on the musical by Shepard and others), Cinemation, 1972
  • (With Bob Dylan) Renaldo and Clara, Circuit, 1977
  • Savage/Love (based on his stage play), 1981
  • Tongues (based on his stage play), 1982
  • (With L. M. Kit Carson) Paris, Texas (based on Shepard's stage play Motel Chronicles), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1984
  • Fool for Love (based on his stage play), Cannon, 1985
  • Far North, Alive, 1988
  • Silent Tongue (also known as Le gardien des esprits), Trimark Pictures, 1993
  • Teleplays
  • Specials
  • Fourteen Hundred Thousand (play), National Educational Television(now PBS), 1969
  • Blue Bitch (play), BBC, 1973, published in Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays, Winter House, 1972
  • True West (also known as Sam Shepard's "True West"; based on his stage play), PBS, 1984
  • Radio Plays
  • (With Joseph Chaikin) The War in Heaven, broadcast in 1985, produced on stage in London, 1987, produced with Struck Dumb (double-bill),American Place Theatre, New York City, 1991, published with A Lie of the Mind, New American Library (New York City), 1987
  • Anthologies
  • Five Plays by Sam Shepard (includes Chicago, Fourteen Hundred Thousand, Icarus's Mother, Melodrama Play, and RedCross), Bobbs-Merrill (Indianapolis, IN), 1967, published as Chicagoand Other Plays, Urizen Books (New York City), 1981
  • The Unseen Hand and Other Plays (includes Black Bog Beast Bait, Forensic and the Navigators, 4-H Club, Holy Ghostly, The Rock Garden, Shaved Splits, and The Unseen Hand),Bobbs-Merrill, 1971
  • Mad Dog Blues and Other Plays (includes Blue Bitch, Cowboy Mouth, Cowboys No. 2, Mad Dog Blues, Nightwalk, and The Rock Garden), Winter House, 1972
  • The Tooth of Crime [and] Geography of a Horse Dreamer, Grove (New York City), 1974
  • Angel City and Other Plays (includes Action, Angel City, Cowboy Mouth, Cowboys No. 2, Curse of the Starving Class, Killer's Head, Mad Dog Blues, and The Rock Garden), Urizen Books, 1976
  • Buried Child and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1979, published in England as Buried Child, Seduced, [and] Suicide in B-Flat,Faber, 1980
  • Four Two-Act Plays by Sam Shepard (includes Geography of a Horse Dreamer, La Turista, Operation Sidewinder, and The Tooth of Crime), Urizen Books, 1980
  • Seven Plays by Sam Shepard (includes Buried Child, Curseof the Starving Class, La Turista, Savage/Love, Tongues, The Tooth of Crime, and True West), Bantam (New York City), 1981
  • The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Urizen Books, 1981
  • Fool for Love [and] The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Eve ofKilling His Wife, City Lights (San Francisco, CA), 1983
  • Fool for Love and Other Plays (includes Angel City, Cowboy Mouth, Geography of a Horse Dreamer, Melodrama Play, Seduced, and Suicide in B-Flat), Bantam, 1984
  • The Unseen Hand and Other Plays, Bantam, 1986
  • (With Joseph Chaikin) The War in Heaven [and] A Lie of the Mind, New American Library (New York City), 1987
  • Fiction
  • Hawk Moon: A Book of Short Stories, Poems, and Monologues, Black Sparrow Press (Santa Barbara, CA), 1973
  • Motel Chronicles (includes Hawk Moon), City Lights (San Francisco, CA), 1982, published as Motel Chronicles and Hawk Moon, Faber(London), 1985
  • Cruising Paradise (stories), Knopf (New York City), 1996
  • Nonficiton
  • Rolling Thunder Logbook, Viking (New York City), 1977
  • Joseph Chaikin and Sam Shepard: Letters and Texts, 1972-1984, edited by Barry V. Daniels, New American Library (New York City), 1989

Further Reference

ADAPTATIONS

  • The television movie Curse of the Starving Class was adapted by Bruce Beresford from Shepard's play of the same title and broadcast by Showtimein 1995. The screenplay Simpatico, released by Fine Line and PhaedraCinema in 1999, was based on his stage play. The television movie See Youin My Dreams, broadcast by CBS in 2000, was based on his short stories "Cruising Paradise" and "Motel Chronicles."
OTHER SOURCES
    Books
    • Auerbach, Doris, Sam Shepard, Arthur Kopit, and the Off-Broadway Theatre, Twayne (Boston, MA), 1982
    • Benet, Carol, Sam Shepard on the German Stage: Critics, Politics, Myths, Peter Lang (New York City), 1993
    • Contemporary Dramatists, 6th edition, St. James Press, 1999
    • Daniels, Barry V., editor, Joseph Chaikin and Sam Shepard: Letters andTexts, 1972-1984, New American Library (New York City), 1989
    • De Rose, David J., Sam Shepard, Twayne, 1992
    • Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 7: Twentieth-Century American Dramatists, Gale, 1981
    • Graham, Laura J., Sam Shepard: Theme, Image, and the Director, Peter Lang, 1993
    • Hall, Ann C., "A Kind of Alaska": Women in the Plays of O'Neill, Pinter, and Shepard, Southern Illinois University Press (Carbondale, IL), 1993
    • Hart, Lynda, Sam Shepard's Metaphorical Stages, Greenwood Press (Westport, CT), 1987
    • King, Kimball, Ten Modern American Playwrights, Garland Publishing(New York City), 1982
    • King, Sam Shepard: A Casebook, Garland Publishing, 1988
    • Marranca, Bonnie, editor, American Dreams: The Imagination of Sam Shepard, Performing Arts Journal Publications (New York City), 1981
    • McGhee, Jim, True Lies: The Architecture of the Fantastic in the Playsof Sam Shepard, Peter Lang, 1993
    • Mottram, Ron, Inner Landscapes: The Theatre of Sam Shepard, University of Missouri Press (Columbia, MO), 1984
    • Orr, John, Tragicomedy and Contemporary Culture: Play and Performancefrom Beckett to Shepard, University of Michigan Press (Ann Arbor, MI), 1991
    • Oumano, Ellen, Sam Shepard: The Life and Work of an American Dreamer, St. Martin's Press (New York City), 1986
    • Patraka, Vivian M., and Mark Siegel, Sam Shepard, Boise State University (Boise, ID), 1985
    • Perry, Frederick J., A Reconstruction-Analysis of Buried Child by Playwright Sam Shepard, Mellen Research University Press (San Francisco, CA),1992
    • Shewey, Don, Sam Shepard, Dell (New York City), 1985
    • St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, St. James Press, 2000
    • Trussler, Simon, File on Shepard, Methuen (London), 1989
    • Tucker, Martin, Sam Shepard, Continuum (New York City), 1992
    • Weales, Gerald, The Jumping-Off Place: American Drama in the 1960s, Macmillan (New York City), 1969
    • Wilcox, Leonard, editor, Rereading Shepard: Contemporary Critical Essays on the Plays of Sam Shepard, St. Martin's Press, 1993
    Periodicals
    • American Theatre, September, 1996, p. 28; July-August, 1997, p. 12
    • Back Stage, May 16, 1997, p. 64
    • Maclean's, October 2, 2000, p. 74
    • New Republic, July 15, 1996, p. 27
    • New York Times, November 13, 1994, sec. 2, pp. 1, 2
    • Parade, January 10, 1999, p. 23

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