Quincy Jones Biography (1933-)

Full name, Quincy Delight Jones, Jr.; born March 14, 1933, in Chicago, IL; son of Quincy Delight (a carpenter and semi-professional baseball player) and Sarah (a bank executive and apartment complex manager; maiden name, Wells) Jones; married Jeri Caldwell, 1957 (divorced, 1966); married Ulla Anderson (a model), 1967 (divorced, 1974); married Peggy Lipton (an actress), 1974 (divorced, 1986 or 1990); children: (first marriage) Jolie; (second marriage) Martina-Lisa, Quincy D. III; (third marriage) Kidada (an actress), Rashida (an actress); (with Nastassja Kinski) Kenya Julia Miambi Sarah. Addresses: Office: Quincy Jones Media Group, 2800 Barham Blvd., 5th Floor, Los Angeles, CA 90068.; Agent: Richard Rosenberg, William Morris Agency, 151 El Camino Dr., Beverly Hills, CA 90212.

Nationality
American
Gender
Male
Occupation
Composer, arranger, producer, musician
Birth Details
March 14, 1933
Chicago, Illinois, United States

Famous Works

  • CREDITS
  • Film Appearances
  • Save the Children (documentary), Paramount, 1973
  • (Uncredited) Emerald City Gold pianist, The Wiz, Universal, 1978
  • Emerald City Gold pianist, Wiz on down the Road, 1978
  • Himself, Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones (also known as Listen Up), Warner Bros., 1990
  • Boys N the Hood, Columbia, 1991
  • Narrator, A Great Day in Harlem, Castle Hill, 1994
  • (Uncredited) Himself, Off the Menu: The Last Days of Chasen's, 1997
  • Host, "Rhapsody in Blue," Fantasia/2000, Buena Vista, 1999
  • Himself, Austin Powers in Goldmember, New Line Cinema, 2002
  • Also appeared in Blues for Trumpet, Koto, and Life GoesOn.
  • Film Work
  • Music Performer
  • For Love of Ivy, Cinerama, 1968
  • "Just Once," The Last American Virgin, 1982
  • "Brown Ballad" and "Moneyrunner," Fever Pitch, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1985
  • "Setembro (Brazilian Wedding Song)," Boyz N the Hood, Columbia, 1991
  • "Setembro (Brazilian Wedding Song)," Bowfinger, Universal, 1999
  • "Soul Bossa Nova," Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me, Buena Vista/New Line Cinema, 1999
  • Other
  • Orchestrator, The Pawnbroker, Landau/Allied Artists/American International Pictures, 1965
  • Orchestrator and music conductor, Banning, Universal, 1967
  • Music director, A Dandy in Aspic, Columbia, 1968
  • Music supervisor, Man and Boy (also known as Ride a Dark Horse), Levitt-Pickman, 1971
  • Music conductor, The Anderson Tapes, Columbia, 1971
  • Music supervisor, Come Back Charleston Blue, Warner Bros., 1972
  • Music and dance arranger, orchestrator, and music supervisor, The Wiz, Universal, 1978
  • Music arranger, Wiz on down the Road, 1978
  • Music producer, Best Friends, 1982
  • Song producer, "It's Gonna Be Special," Two of a Kind, 1983
  • Producer (with Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, and Frank Marshall), The Color Purple, Warner Bros., 1985
  • Executive music producer, Fast Forward, Columbia, 1985
  • Executive music producer and song producer, The Slugger's Wife (also known as Neil Simon's The Slugger's Wife), Columbia, 1985
  • Executive music producer, Fever Pitch, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/UnitedArtists, 1985
  • Executive producer, Brooms, QDE Entertainment, 1995
  • Producer, Steel, Warner Bros., 1997
  • Song producer, "9-5," Office Space, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1999
  • Executive producer, The Smokers, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Home Entertainment, 2000
  • Executive producer, Tupac Shakur: Thug Angel (also known as Tupac Shakur: Thug Angel--The Life of an Outlaw), Image Entertainment, 2002
  • Executive producer, Vacuums, Mediapro Pictures/Middle Ford Productions/Quincy Jones Media Group, 2002
  • Music supervisor and theme song arranger, Orfeu, New Yorker, 2002
  • Also executive producer of Stalingrad.
  • Television Appearances
  • Specials
  • Duke Ellington ... We Love You Madly, CBS, 1973
  • Diana, CBS, 1981
  • The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the Performing Arts, CBS, 1986
  • Bugs Bunny/Looney Tunes All-Star 50th Anniversary, CBS, 1986
  • Whatta Year ... 1986, ABC, 1986
  • An All-Star Celebration Honoring Martin Luther King, Jr., NBC, 1986
  • Mancini and Friends, PBS, 1987
  • All-Star Tribute to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, NBC, 1989
  • "Bernstein at Seventy," Great Performances, PBS, 1989
  • The Songwriters Hall of Fame 20th Anniversary ... The Magic of Music, CBS, 1989
  • The Unforgettable Nat "King" Cole, The Disney Channel, 1989
  • Sammy Davis Jr.'s 60th Anniversary Celebration, ABC, 1990
  • Time Warner Presents the Earth Day Special, ABC, 1990
  • Sinatra 75: The Best Is Yet to Come (also known as Frank Sinatra: 75th Birthday Celebration), CBS, 1990
  • Save the Planet: A CBS/Hard Rock Cafe Special (also known as The Hard Rock Cafe Presents Save the Planet), CBS, 1990
  • The MDA Jerry Lewis Telethon (also known as The 25th Anniversary MDA Jerry Lewis Labor Day Telethon), syndicated, 1990
  • The Meaning of Life, CBS, 1991
  • A Party for Richard Pryor, CBS, 1991
  • Host, Ray Charles: 50 Years in Music, Uh-huh!, Fox, 1991
  • A Very Special Christmas II, MTV, 1992
  • "Ray Charles: The Genius of Soul," American Masters, PBS, 1992
  • Michael Jackson ... The Legend Continues, CBS, 1992
  • Malcom X: The Real Story (also known as The Real Malcolm X), CBS, 1992
  • The 25th Montreux Music Festival, The Disney Channel, 1992
  • Benny Carter: Symphony in Riffs, Arts and Entertainment, 1992
  • AFI Salute to Sidney Poitier, NBC, 1992
  • An American Reunion: New Beginnings, Renewed Hope (also known as An American Reunion: The People's Inaugural Celebration), HBO, 1993
  • "Miles Davis: A Tribute" (also known as "Miles at Montreux"), Great Performances, PBS, 1993
  • Shirley Horn: Here's to Life, PBS, 1993
  • People's 20th Birthday, ABC, 1994
  • The Jackson Family Honors, NBC, 1994
  • "We Are the World": A 10th Anniversary Tribute, The Disney Channel, 1995
  • The American Film Institute Salute to Steven Spielberg (also knownas The American Film Institute Life Achievement Award), NBC, 1995
  • Interviewee, Television's Greatest Performances, ABC, 1995
  • The History of Rock 'n' Roll, syndicated, 1995
  • Celebrate the Dream: 50 Years of Ebony, ABC, 1996
  • The American Film Institute Salute to Clint Eastwood, 1996
  • Interviewee, Intimate Portrait: Gloria Estefan, Lifetime, 1996
  • Star Trek: 30 Years and Beyond, UPN, 1996
  • Nissan Presents a Celebration of America's Music, ABC, 1996
  • An Evening of Stars: A Celebration of Educational Excellence Benefiting the United Negro College Fund, Black Entertainment Television and syndicated, 1998
  • Frame after Frame: The Images of Herman Leonard, PBS, 1998
  • Interviewee, Monica Mancini ... On Record, PBS, 1998
  • Quincy Jones--The First 50 Years, ABC, 1998
  • League of Legends, 1998
  • Stevie Wonder: Songs in the Key of Life, 1998
  • The Two Nations of Black America, PBS, 1998
  • Phil Collins--The Big Band, PBS, 1998
  • Frank, Dean, and Sammy: An Evening with the Rat Pack, TV Land, 1998
  • I'll Make Me a World: A Century of African-American Arts, PBS, 1999
  • Celebrity Homes, EQ Entertainment Television, 1999
  • The 2nd Annual Soul Train Christmas Starfest, syndicated, 1999
  • (Uncredited) "Sidney Poitier: One Bright Light," American Masters,PBS, 2000
  • Interviewee, Stand and Be Counted, The Learning Channel, 2000
  • Interviewee, The Rhythm of Life, PBS, 2000
  • Interviewee, Oprah Winfrey: Heart of the Matter, Arts and Entertainment, 2000
  • Interviewee, It's Black Entertainment, Showtime, 2000
  • Interviewee, "Forever Ella," Biography, Arts and Entertainment, 2000
  • An Evening of Stars: A Celebration of Educational Excellence, NBCand syndicated, 2000
  • Presenter, The Kennedy Center Honors: A Celebration of the PerformingArts, CBS, 2001
  • Interviewee, Quincy Jones: In the Pocket, PBS, 2001
  • Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Celebration, CBS, 2001
  • Interviewee, Intimate Portrait: Naomi Campbell, Lifetime, 2001
  • AFI Life Achievement Award: A Tribute to Barbra Streisand, Fox, 2001
  • Interviewee, Inside TV Land: African Americans in Television, TV Land, 2002
  • Elvis Lives, NBC, 2002
  • Interviewee, The Cosby Show: A Look Back, NBC, 2002
  • Interviewee, Intimate Portrait: Famous Families, Lifetime, 2003
  • Awards Presentations
  • The 43rd Annual Academy Awards, 1971
  • The 22nd Annual Grammy Awards, 1980
  • The 24th Annual Grammy Awards, 1982
  • The 58th Annual Academy Awards Presentation, ABC, 1986
  • The 28th Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 1986
  • The 30th Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 1988
  • The 20th Annual NAACP Image Awards, NBC, 1988
  • The 31st Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 1989
  • Grammy Legends Show (also known as Grammy Living Legends Awards), CBS, 1990
  • The 4th Annual Soul Train Music Awards, syndicated, 1990
  • The 33rd Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 1991
  • The 23rd NAACP Image Awards, NBC, 1991
  • Presenter, Celebrate the Soul of American Music, syndicated, 1991
  • The 24th NAACP Image Awards, NBC, 1992
  • The 1993 Billboard Music Awards, Fox, 1993
  • Presenter, The 65th Annual Academy Awards Presentations, ABC, 1993
  • The Essence Awards, Fox, 1994
  • The 10th Annual Television Academy Hall of Fame, The Disney Channel, 1994
  • Presenter, The 4th Annual Environmental Media Awards, TBS, 1994
  • The American Music Awards, ABC, 1995
  • The Horatio Alger Awards, CBS, 1995
  • Honoree, The 67th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1995
  • The 68th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1996
  • The 27th Annual NAACP Image Awards, Fox, 1996
  • Presenter, The 10th Annual Essence Awards, Fox, 1997
  • Presenter, The 23rd Annual People's Choice Awards, CBS, 1997
  • The 39th Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 1997
  • The 11th Annual Soul Train Music Awards (also known as Soul Train Music Awards: 11th Anniversary), The WB, 1997
  • The 12th Annual Soul Train Music Awards, syndicated, 1998
  • The 24th Annual People's Choice Awards, CBS, 1998
  • The 1999 ALMA Awards, ABC, 1999
  • Episodic
  • Les Appleton, "Eat, Drink, and Be Buried," Ironside, 1967
  • Guest, Soul Train, 1975
  • Himself, "Michael Jackson: A Tribute," America's Top 10, 1989
  • Host, Saturday Night Live, NBC, 1990
  • Guest, Soul Train, 1990
  • Himself, "Someday Your Prince Will Be in Effect: Parts 1 & 2," TheFresh Prince of Bel-Air (also known as The Fresh Prince Show), NBC, 1990
  • Dan Webster, "Last Stand in Glen Brook," Life Goes On, 1991
  • ABC in Concert, ABC, 1991
  • Himself, The Arsenio Hall Show, 1992
  • Guest, Dialogue with Black Filmmakers, 1992
  • Himself, "The Alma Matter," The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (also known as The Fresh Prince Show), NBC, 1993
  • Himself, "The Client," The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (also known asThe Fresh Prince Show), NBC, 1994
  • Himself, "Kill the Noise," New York Undercover, Fox, 1996
  • Guest, "Tyra Banks on the Beach," The Oprah Winfrey Show, syndicated, 1999
  • Interviewee, The Remarkable 20th Century, PBS, 2000
  • Guest, Late Show with David Letterman, 2001
  • Television Work
  • Series
  • Music director, The New Bill Cosby Show, CBS, 1972-1973
  • Creator and executive producer, The Jesse Jackson Show (also knownas Voices of America with Jesse Jackson), syndicated, 1990
  • Executive producer, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (also known as The Fresh Prince Show), NBC, 1990
  • Executive producer, Mad TV, Fox, 1995
  • Executive producer, In the House, NBC, 1995-1996, UPN, 1996-1998
  • Executive producer, Vibe, syndicated, 1997-1998
  • Executive producer, Lost on Earth, 1997
  • Also coproducer of The E. T. Storybook.
  • Specials
  • Music director, Rodgers and Hart Today, ABC, 1967
  • Producer and music director, Duke Ellington ... We Love You Madly,CBS, 1973
  • Music director, A Show Business Salute to Milton Berle, NBC, 1973
  • Music director, An All-Star Celebration Honoring Martin Luther King, Jr., NBC, 1986
  • Executive producer, The Meaning of Life, CBS, 1991
  • Conductor, "Great Performances' 20th Anniversary Special," Great Performances, PBS, 1992
  • Executive producer, A Cool Like That Christmas, Fox, 1993
  • Executive producer, An American Reunion: New Beginnings, Renewed Hope (also known as An American Reunion: The People's Inaugural Celebration), HBO, 1993
  • Executive producer, "Miles Davis: A Tribute" (also known as "Miles at Montreux"), Great Performances, PBS, 1993
  • Executive producer, The Roots of Country: Nashville Celebrates the Ryman, CBS, 1994
  • Executive producer, On Trial, NBC, 1994
  • Executive Producer, Concert of the Americas (also known as TheKennedy Center Presents), PBS, 1994
  • Song producer, "We Are the World": A 10th Anniversary Tribute, TheDisney Channel, 1995
  • Music conductor, Frank, Dean and Sammy: An Evening with the Rat Pack, TV Land, 1998
  • Music conductor, Phil Collins--The Big Band, PBS, 1998
  • Executive producer, America's Millennium, CBS, 1999
  • Awards Presentations
  • Music director, The 43rd Annual Academy Awards, 1971
  • Executive producer, The 68th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 1996
  • Pilots
  • Co-executive producer, Heart and Soul, NBC, 1988
  • Executive producer, Livin' Large, ABC, 1989
  • Executive producer, Macio, UPN, 1997
  • Executive producer, Livin' in the USA, UPN, 1997
  • Miniseries
  • Co-executive producer, The History of Rock 'n' Roll (miniseries),syndicated, 1995
  • Executive producer, Say It Loud: A Celebration of Black Music in America, 2001
  • Movies
  • Executive producer, Passing Glory, Fox (some sources cite TNT), 1999
  • RECORDINGS
  • Albums
  • (With others) This Is How I Feel about Jazz, ABC/Paramount, 1956,Impulse, 1974
  • The Birth of the Band, Mercury, 1959
  • Q Live in Paris, c. 1960
  • The Great Wild World of Quincy Jones, Mercury, 1960
  • Newport, Mercury, 1961
  • I Dig Dancers, Mercury, 1961
  • Quintessence, Impulse, 1961
  • Big Band Bossa Nova, Mercury, 1962
  • Brand New Bag, Mercury, 1963
  • Quincy Jones Plays the Hip Hits, Mercury, 1963
  • Quincy Jones Explores the Music of Henry Mancini, Mercury, 1964
  • Golden Boy, Mercury, 1964
  • Quincy Plays for Pussycats, Mercury, 1965
  • Quincy's Got a Brand New Bag, Mercury, 1965
  • Sinatra at the Sands, 1966
  • Walking in Space, A&M, 1969
  • Gula Matari, A&M, 1970
  • Smackwater Jack, A&M, 1971
  • Summer in the City, A&M, 1973
  • You've Got It Bad Girl, A&M, 1973
  • Mode (re-issue), Impulse, 1974
  • Body Heat, A&M, 1974
  • Mellow Madness, A&M, 1975
  • I Heard That!, A&M, 1976
  • Roots (soundtrack recording), A&M, 1978
  • Go West, Man, Impulse, 1978
  • Sounds ... and Stuff Like That, A&M, 1978
  • The Great Wide World of Quincy Jones, Mercury, 1981
  • The Dude, A&M, 1981
  • Lena Horne: The Lady and Her Music Live on Broadway, Qwest/WarnerBros., 1981
  • The Best of Quincy Jones, A&M, 1982
  • Q, 1982
  • (And producer and arranger) We Are the World, 1985
  • Back on the Block, Qwest Records/Warner Bros., 1989
  • Boys N the Hood (original soundtrack), 1991
  • Miles and Quincy: Live at Montreux, Reprise Records, 1993
  • Q's Jook Joint, Qwest Records, 1995
  • Cocktail Mix, 1996
  • From Q, with Love, Qwest Records, 1999
  • Q: The Musical Biography of Quincy Jones (four volumes), Rhino, 2001
  • Producer of the Michael Jackson singles "Off the Wall," 1979, "Thriller,"1982, and "Bad," 1987; also produced more than a dozen singles by Lesley Gore.
  • Videos
  • Executive producer, Frank Sinatra: Portrait of an Album, 1985
  • Himself, Michael Jackson: HIStory on Film--Volume II, 1997
  • Producer of the music videos "We Are the World: The Video Event," 1985; and "Bad" by Michael Jackson, 1987.
  • Audio Books
  • Narrator, Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones by Quincy Jones, Simon & Schuster Audio, 2002
  • WRITINGS
  • Film Scores
  • Pojken I tradet (also known as The Boy in the Tree), 1964
  • The Pawnbroker, Landau/Allied Artists/American International Pictures, 1965
  • The Slender Thread, Paramount, 1965
  • Walk, Don't Run, Columbia, 1966
  • (And song "The Eyes of Love") Banning, Universal, 1967
  • The Deadly Affair, Columbia, 1967
  • Enter Laughing, Columbia, 1967
  • In Cold Blood, Columbia, 1967
  • In the Heat of the Night, United Artists, 1967
  • Mirage, Universal, 1968
  • The Counterfeit Killer (also known as Crackshot), Universal, 1968
  • (And song "If You Want Love") A Dandy in Aspic, Columbia, 1968
  • For Love of Ivy, Cinerama, 1968
  • (And song "Where Is the Love?") The Hell with Heroes, Universal, 1968
  • Jigsaw, Universal, 1968
  • The Split, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1968
  • (And song "I Needs to Be Be'd With") Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice, Columbia, 1969
  • (And song "A Time for Love Is Anytime") Cactus Flower, Columbia, 1969
  • (And songs "Getta Bloomin' Move On!" and "On Days Like These") The Italian Job, Paramount, 1969
  • John and Mary, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1969
  • (And song "Maybe Tomorrow") The Lost Man, Universal, 1969
  • Mackenna's Gold, Columbia, 1969
  • The Out-of-Towners, Columbia, 1970
  • They Call Me Mister Tibbs!, United Artists, 1970
  • (And song "The Eyes of Blue") Up Your Teddy Bear (also known as Mother and The Toy Grabbers), Geneni/Richard, 1970
  • The Last of the Mobile Hotshots (also known as Blood Kin and The Seven Descents of Myrtle), Warner Bros., 1970
  • Eggs (short film), 1970
  • Of Men and Demons (short film), 1970
  • The Anderson Tapes, Columbia, 1971
  • Brother John, Columbia, 1971
  • Honky, Jack H. Harris, 1971
  • $ (also known as Dollars and The Heist), Columbia, 1971
  • The Getaway, National General, 1972
  • The Hot Rock (also known as How to Steal a Diamond in Four EasyLessons), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1972
  • The New Centurions (also known as Precinct 45: Los Angeles Police), Columbia, 1972
  • Toda nudez sera castigada, New Yorker, 1973
  • Mother, Jugs and Speed, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1976
  • The Wiz, Universal, 1978
  • (And songs) The Color Purple, Warner Bros., 1985
  • (With Thomas Dolby) Fever Pitch, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, 1985
  • Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones (also known as Listen Up), Warner Bros., 1990
  • Also composer of the scores for Blues for Trumpet, Koto, and Life Goes On.
  • Songs Featured in Films
  • "Goof Proof" and "Skol Sister," Made in Paris, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 1966
  • Title song, Come Back Charleston Blue, Warner Bros., 1972
  • Lyricist, Dig, 1972
  • "Can I Go On Not Knowing," "Emerald City Ballet," "Glinda's Theme," "Is This What Feeling Gets?," and "Poppy Girls," The Wiz, Universal, 1978
  • "In the Heat of the Night," The Rise and Fall of Ivor Dickie, 1978
  • "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)" and "Thriller," Making Michael Jackson'sThriller, 1983
  • Theme song, "Love (It's Just the Way It Goes)," The Slugger's Wife(also known as Neil Simon's The Slugger's Wife), Columbia, 1985
  • "Love Is in Control (Finger on the Trigger)," Lost in America, 1985
  • "Brown Ballad" and "Moneyrunner," Fever Pitch, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, 1985
  • "Body Heat" in "How Do U Want It," Gang Related, Orion, 1997
  • The song "Soul Bossa Nova" was featured in several films, including Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery, 1997; Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (also known as Austin Powers 2: The Spy Who Shagged Me), Buena Vista/New Line Cinema, 1999; and Austin Powers in Goldmember, New Line Cinema, 2002.
  • Television Music
  • Series
  • Hey, Landlord, NBC, 1966-1967
  • (Including theme music) Ironside (also known as The Raymond Burr Show), 1967
  • The Bill Cosby Show, NBC, 1969-1971
  • Sanford and Son, NBC, 1972-1977
  • Theme song, "Chump Change," Now You See It, 1974
  • Sanford Arms, NBC, 1977
  • Sanford, 1980
  • Theme music, In the Heat of the Night, 1988
  • Theme music, The Oprah Winfrey Show, syndicated, 1989
  • The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air (also known as The Fresh Prince Show), NBC, 1990
  • Out All Night (also known as Up All Night and The Neighborhood), NBC, 1992
  • Grown Ups, UPN, 1998
  • Also composed music for Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre.
  • Pilots
  • Ironside, NBC, 1967
  • Split Second to an Epitaph, NBC, 1968
  • Killer by Night (also known as The City by Night), CBS, 1972
  • Miniseries
  • (With Gerald Fried) Roots, ABC, 1977
  • Specials
  • The Bill Cosby Special, Or?, 1971
  • The Meaning of Life, CBS, 1991
  • Autobiographies
  • Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones, Warner Books, 1990
  • Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones, Doubleday, 2001

Further Reference

ADAPTATIONS

  • The film Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones was based on Jones'sautobiography of the same title. The theme music for the television movie The Return of Ironside, broadcast by NBC in 1993, was based on Quincy'smusic for the series Ironside.
OTHER SOURCES
    Books
    • Business Leader Profiles for Students, Volume 1, Gale, 1999
    • Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 30, Gale, 2001
    • Jones, Quincy, Listen Up: The Lives of Quincy Jones, Warner Books,1990
    • Jones, Quincy, Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones, Doubleday, 2001
    Periodicals
    • Billboard, December 16, 1995, pp. 22-30
    • Black Enterprise, June, 1996, pp. 244-51
    • Interview, November, 1995, pp. 28-30
    • Jet, March 11, 2002, p. 45
    • New York Times, November 18, 1990
    • Parade, December 26, 1999, p. 22
    • People Weekly, October 15, 1990, p. 105; May 6, 1996, p. 172; March 8, 1999, p. 55
    • Playboy, July, 1990, pp. 57-66, 164-67
    • USA Today, November 7, 1995

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