Nationality: Russian. Born: Denis Arkadievitch Kaufman in Byalistok, Poland (then annexed to Russia), 2 January 1896.
Nationality: American. Born: King Wallis Vidor in Galveston, Texas, 8 February 1894.
Nationality: French. Born: Paris, 26 April 1905, son of anarchist Miguel Alemreyda (Eugène Bonaventure de Vigo).
Nationality: Italian. Born: Count Don Luchino Visconti di Modrone in Milan, 2 November 1906.
Nationality: Austrian. Born: Jonas Sternberg in Vienna, 19 May 1894.
Nationality: Austrian. Born: Erich Oswald Stroheim in Vienna, 22 September 1885; became U.S.
Nationality: Danish. Born: Lars Trier, Lyngby, 30 April 1956.
"Ward's Way," interview with Larry Buttrose in Interview (New York), March 1989.
Nationality: Australian. Born: Peter Lindsay Weir in Sydney, 8 August 1944.
A Short Time for Insanity: An Autobiography, New York, 1974.
Nationality: German. Born: Wilhelm Wenders in Düsseldorf, 14 August 1945.
Clarens, Carlos, An Illustrated History of the Horror Film, New York, 1968.
Nationality: German. Born: Dresden, 1881.
Nationality: Born Samuel Wilder in Sucha, Austria (now part of Poland), 22 June 1906; became U.S. citizen, 1934.
The Film Director: A Practical Guide to Motion Picture and Television Techniques, with Richard L. Bare, IDG Worldwide Books, 1973.
"William Wyler: Director with a Passion and a Craft," with Hermine Isaacs, in Theater Arts (New York), February 1947.